This project explores the spatial interaction between the body and environment and the translation of two dimensions into three dimensions at multiple scales. Drawings of a handheld object, Harvard's Tanner Fountain (using triangulation), and Le Corbusier's Carpenter Center (using body metrics) illustrate how the body envelops, is between, and is enveloped by structures. These drawings were later deconstructed and then reconstructed into abstractions with a series of operations, which led to a three-dimensional representation and a solution to a complex spatial challenge.


Date: Summer 2017

Studio: Design Discovery, Harvard GSD

Instructor: Annie Schneider

Skills: site analysis, drawing with triangulation and body metrics, modeling in solids and surfaces, technical drawing, abstraction, photography

Show More


The orthographic projection drawings (two-dimensional representations of three-dimensional volumes) could be reinterpreted into speculative transformations via a series of operations. Overlays of different scales, misalignments, and rotations created solid-void readings removed from the original subjects. Click on the images to read these operations and see the steps involved.

2D to 3D

Portions of these transformations were assigned to projective planes (i.e., plan or section) within an imagined space in order to frame the translation of descriptive two-dimensional drawings into occupiable three-dimensional volumes.

Show More

Exploration of volume involved solids and surfaces using extrusions, folding, and faceting to develop different  spatial relations.

Show More


The challenge was to adapt these drawing-to-volume translations into a circulatory system within a dimensioned room. These occupiable and traversable surfaces would connect two predetermined thresholds (dotted lines above) with movement through a path that operated at two scales and in two orientations.


The system's focus is ambiguity. Plans and sections are one and the same. Through navigation, a subject may perceive the space as a continuous and folded manipulated surface. While one orientation provides a direct route from one aperture to the other, another orientation creates a meandering path of changes in elevation, cover, and attenuation. Like the  structure itself, experience becomes multifaceted and dynamic. A subject is lured from moments of pause and prospect into moments of acceleration and cover via narrowing and opening of space.


As a continuous surface, the structure can be unrolled. Sections and plans (for both scales) are equivalent as the piece is reorientated.

Home          Contact         Links       © 2019 Sam Gochman